May 30th National & International current affairs

1. Recently which transport aircraft of IAF was certified to fly on blended aviation fuel?

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In a significant move, the fleet of AN-32 transport aircraft of the Indian Air Force was certified to fly on blended aviation fuel containing up to 10 per cent bio-jet fuel. The approval for use of bio-fuel to fly the Russian made fleet was given by the Centre for Military Airworthiness and Certification (CEMILAC) Note: The indigenous bio-jet fuel was first produced by the Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun in 2013, but it could not be tested or certified for commercial use on aircraft due to lack of test facilities in the civil aviation sector.

2. Who among the following assumes Minister of newly created Jal Shakti portfolio?

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A new ‘Jal Shakti’ Ministry, in which the erstwhile Ministries of Water Resources and Drinking Water and Sanitation will be merged, has been formed with Gajendra Singh Shekhawat at its helm. The remit of the Ministry will encompass issues ranging from international and inter-State water disputes, the Namami Gange project, the flagship initiative to clean the Ganga, its tributaries and sub-tributaries and the provision of clean drinking water.

3. Menstrual Hygiene Day is observed on:

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Menstrual Hygiene Day is an annual awareness day on May 28 to highlight the importance of good menstrualhygiene management (MHM)

4. Narendra Modi will sworn in as India’s:

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Narendra Modi will be sworn in as India’s 16th Prime Minister for his second term. President Ram Nath Kovind will administer the Oath of Office and Secrecy to Modi and to the members of the Union Council of Ministers at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. He is the 4th Prime Minister of India who would serve two consecutive terms as Prime Minister of India and the first Non Congress Party Prime Minister of India who would complete two consecutive terms. Note: As per the Article 75 (1) of the Indian Constitution, the Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

5. Who among the following published ‘the Indian War of Independence’?

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi on May 28, 2019 paid tribute to patriot and freedom fighter Veer Savarkar on his birth anniversary. About Savarkar Vinayak Savarkar was an Indian independence activist, politician, lawyer, writer, and the formulator of the Hindutva philosophy. It was reportedly Savarkar, who popularized the term ‘Hindutva’ after he joined the Hindu Mahasabha, to create a collective "Hindu" identity, in response to the right-wing Muslim league. The term was originally coined by Chandranath Basu. He published ‘the Indian War of Independence’, which was about the 1857 revolt that was banned by the British authorities He founded student societies including Abhinav Bharat Society and the Free India Society

6. Who among the following has became the first foreign leader to meet Japan’s newly crowned emperor?

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US President Donald Trump created history by becoming the first foreign leader to meet Japan’s newly crowned emperor, Emperor Naruhito at Japan's Imperial Palace. Emperor Naruhito ascended the Chrysanthemum Throne on May 1, marking the beginning of a new era in the Japanese timeline -the Reiwa era. This followed the abdication by his father, Emperor Akihito. Emperor Akihito, who abdicated his throne on April 30, 2019, became the first Japanese emperor to do so since 1817.

7. Recently in an IED blast in Jharkhand, 11 CRPF and state police personnel injured. What is meant by IED?

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An improvised explosive device (IED) is a bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action. It may be constructed of conventional military explosives, such as an artillery shell, attached to a detonating mechanism. IEDs are commonly used as roadside bombs.

8. Who among the following has been sworn in as Chief Minister of Sikkim?

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Prem Singh Golay, President of the Sikkim Karantikari Morcha (SKM), took oath as the Chief Minister of Sikkim. Golay was administered the oath of office and secrecy by Governor Ganga Prasad. The swearing-in ceremony was attended by outgoing Chief Minister Pawan Chaling. A referendum in 1975 led to Sikkim joining India as its 22nd state Note: Naveen Patnaik will be sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Odisha on for the fifth consecutive term. This will be the fifth consecutive term of Patnaik

9. Recently Orchha town been included in tentative list of the World Heritage Sites of UNESCO, The town is located in:

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The Orchha town of Madhya Pradesh has been included in tentative list of the World Heritage Sites of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). Orchha Town is located on the banks of the river Betwa. The town is celebrated for its rich and ancient architecture of Chaturbhuj Temple, Orchha Fort Complex, and Raja Mahal among others. It is famous for its two elevated minarets - Saavan and Bhadon; and four palaces - Jahangir Palace, Rai Praveen Mahal, Raja Mahal, and Sheesh Mahal. The site houses ‘Sri Ram Raja Mandir’. It is the only place in India where Lord Ram is worshipped as a King, not as a deity, with this dedicated temple in his name. Note: Built by Bundela dynasty’s King Rudra Pratap Singh in the 16th century, the Orchha town boasts of Bundela architecture as well as Mughal influence due to the closeness of both the dynasties

10. Who among the following Dr Lee Jong-wook Memorial Prize for Public Health?

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Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Professor Balram Bhargava recently won the 2019 Dr Lee Jong-wook Memorial Prize for Public Health. He was bestowed with the award at the 72nd World Health Assembly in Geneva. He bagged the award for his achievements as a clinician, innovator, researcher and trainer.

11. Who among the following has been elected as President of South Africa?

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The South African lawmakers re-elected President Cyril Ramaphosa for another term.

12. Who among the following sworn in as the Chief Minister Arunachal Pradesh?

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Pema Khandu, sworn in as the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh Note: Arunachal Pradesh became a state in 1987.