May 29th National & International Current Affairs

1. Recently which of the following has signed an agreement to electrify railway tracks in India under Railways Track Electrification Project?

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The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has signed an agreement to electrify railway tracks in India under Railways Track Electrification Project. As per agreement ADB will provide $750 million (equivalent in Indian Rupee) long-term financing to Indian Railway Finance Corporation (IRFC). About ADB: The Asian Development Bank (MMG) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966,which is headquartered in Manila, Philippines. ADB now has 68 members, of which 49 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 from outside. Japan and United States hold the largest proportion of shares at 15.607%. China holds 6.444%, India holds 6.331%, and Australia holds 5.786%

2. Sooronbay Jeenbekov is the president of:

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India invited the leaders of the BIMSTEC Member Countries to attend the swearing-in ceremony of Prime Minister Narendra Modi on May 30, 2019. The External Affairs Ministry had also sent the invitations to Sooronbay Jeenbekov, the President of Kyrgyzstan who is the current Chair of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and to Mauritius Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth, the Chief Guest 2019 Pravasi Bhartiya Divas.

3. As per recent analysis of UNESCO, globally how much percent of women are engaged in Science research?

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According to analysis by The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), women remain considerably under-represented across STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) studies and careers. According to UNESCO, globally only 29% of those in science research and development (R&D) are women, with a low 19% in south and west Asia and high 48% in central Asia. Note: To strengthen and focus UNESCO’s work in support of gender equality in Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) it launched STEM and Gender Advancement project in 2015. It is a global UNESCO project supported by Swedish Government through the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)

4. Which of the following protocol aims to preserve degradation of atmospheric ozone layer?

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Montreal Protocol is a legally binding international pact signed in 1987 to preserve degradation of atmospheric ozone layer that blocks harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sun. Excessive amounts of some types of UV radiation can cause eye damage and skin cancer in people and are also harmful to crops and vegetation. Note: According to a recent research published in journal Nature, China continues to use the banned ozone depleting chemical called CFC-11 in violation of Montreal Protocol. CFC-11 is also called as freon-11, Trichlorofluoromethane or R-11. It is one of a class of compounds called chlorofluorocarbons that is responsible for destroying atmospheric ozone

5. Recently UNGA passed a non-binding resolution asking UK to return Chagos Archipelago in Indian Ocean to:

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The United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) passed a non-binding resolution asking United Kingdom (UK) to return Chagos Archipelago in Indian Ocean to Mauritius.

6. Which of the following released a report “Women in Business and Management: The business case for change?

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According to a recent report released by United Nation’s (UN) International Labour Organization (ILO), Companies that improve gender diversity especially at top perform better and rake in higher profits. The report released by UN’s ILO is titled as “Women in Business and Management: The business case for change. About ILO: The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency whose mandate is to advance social justice and promote decent work by setting international labour standards. It was the first specialised agency of the UN.The ILO has 187 member states Headquarters of ILO is located in Geneva

7. Recently World Health Organization (WHO) has declared which country as ‘Malaria-Free’?

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared Algeria and Argentina as ‘Malaria-Free’ countries after no cases of indigenous transmission of disease were recorded. Algeria became second country in Africa to be declared malaria-free, after Mauritius, which was certified in 1973 Argentina became second country in South America to be certified malaria free after Paraguay, which was certified in June 2018

8. From which of the following aircraft, DRDO successfully flight tested Inertial Guided Bomb?

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India successfully test fired an indigenously-made 500-kg class “inertial guided bomb” from a Sukhoi jet at the Pokhran test range in Rajasthan. The test has been pegged as a major achievement for the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as the guided bomb achieved the desired range and also hit its target with precision. What is this bomb? This 500-kg class precision bomb is guided to its target through the inertial guidance system, which allows precision targeting from long distances even under adverse visibility conditions. A recent example of such a bomb is the Israeli SPICE-2000 smart bombs that were used by the Indian Air Force in the Balakot attack in Pakistan. They had a glide range of around 60 km and used a sophisticated guided system — including inertial navigation, satellite guidance and electro-optical sensors, for accuracy.

9. Which of the following space mission is associated with“Artemis” program ?

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NASA has unveiled the calendar for the “Artemis” program that will return astronauts to the Moon for the first time in half a century, including eight scheduled launches and a mini-station in lunar orbit by 2024. NASA’s next mission to the Moon will be called Artemis. ARTEMIS stands for Acceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence and Electrodynamics of Moon’s Interaction with the Sun.

10. Which of the following publishes World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP)?

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According to a United Nations’ report titled World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) Report 2019 Mid-year Update, India’s economy is projected to grow at 7.1 % in fiscal year 2020 which will be backed by strong domestic consumption and investment World Economic Situation and Prospects is a joint product of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN/DESA), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

11. Who among the following is the chairman of High-Level Committee on bringing down India’s dependence on crude oil imports?

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A High-Level Committee constituted by Centre has submitted its recommendations to Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas on bringing down India’s dependence on crude oil imports. It recommended a higher natural gas price for producers from existing discoveries among measures to bring down India’s dependence on crude oil imports.

May 29th National & International Current Affairs
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