1. The exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc is called
2. The term ‘biologi’ was first used by (not Biology)
The term biology in its modern sense appears to have been introduced independently by Thomas Beddoes (in 1799), Karl Friedrich Burdach (in 1800), Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus (Biologie oder Philosophie der lebenden Natur, 1802) and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (Hydrogéologie, 1802)
3. Who of the following is called ‘Father of Biology’?
Aristotle is known as the father of biology. In the 4th century BC the Greek philosopher Aristotle travelled to Lesvos, an island in the Aegean teeming, then as now, with wildlife. His fascination with what he found there, and his painstaking study of it, led to the birth of a new science — biology.
4. Who of the following is called ‘Father of Botany’?
Theophrastus, a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos, was the successor to Aristotle in the Peripatetic school. He came to Athens at a young age and initially studied in Plato's school.
5. Which of the following Upanishads show the first record of classification of animals?
The Chandogya Upanishad is a Sanskrit text embedded in the Chandogya Brahmana of the Sama Veda of Hinduism. It is one of the oldest Upanishads. It lists as number 9 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads
6. Who of the following was the first person to classify living organisms?
Aristotle classified plants on the basis of their height and animals on the basis of RBC and WBC
7. The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts is called
Histology is the study of tissues. Palaeontology is the study of fossils. Morphology is the study of external appearances.
8. Which of the following animals produce an enzyme in their saliva called hirudin?
Leeches produce an enzyme in their saliva called hirudin. Hirudin is a powerful anticoagulant. They produce this to prevent their host from forming a clot so that they can feast on blood more easily