30th July National & International Current Affairs

1. World Day against Trafficking in Persons is observed on: (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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In 2013, United Nations member states adopted a resolution that designated July 30 as the World Day against Trafficking in Persons. The day aims to “raise awareness of the situation of victims of human trafficking and for the promotion and protection of their rights.” The theme for World Day against Trafficking in Persons 2019 is – "Human Trafficking: Call Your Government To Action".

2. Which tiger reserve adjudged as best performer in the country for its ability to increase more tigers between 2014to 18? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve (STR), which is created in 2013, is adjudged as the best performer in the country for its ability to increase more tigers between 2014 to18 compared to any other tiger reserves in the country. The award was instituted by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) Note: 1. Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Tiger Reserve is a protected area and tiger reserve along the Western Ghats in the Erode District of the of Tamil Nadu Sathyamangalam forest range is a significant wildlife corridor in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve between the Western Ghats and the rest of the Eastern Ghats and a genetic link between the four other protected areas which it adjoins, including the Billigiriranga Swamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary, Sigur Plateau, Mudumalai National Park and Bandipur National Park. 2. The Government of India has taken a pioneering initiative for conserving its national animal, the tiger, by launching the ‘Project Tiger’ in 1973 About NTCA: The National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted in 2005 under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, for strengthening tiger conservation The National Tiger Conservation Authority is set up under the Chairmanship of the Minister for Environment and Forests.

3. Recently Cabinet approves increasing strength of Supreme Court judges from 31 to? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Union Cabinet approved increasing the number of judges in the top court from the present 31 to 34, including the Chief Justice of India Note: 1. The Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Act, 1956 originally provided for a maximum of 10 judges (excluding the CJI). This number was increased to 13 by the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Amendment Act, 1960, and to 17 in 1977. The working strength of the Supreme court was, however, restricted to 15 judges by the Cabinet (excluding the chief Justice of India) till the end of 1979. But the restriction was withdrawn at the request of the Chief Justice of India. In 1986, the strength of the top court was increased to 25, excluding the CJI. Subsequently, the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Amendment Act, 2009 further augmented the strength of the court from 25 to 30. 2. Constitution does not specify the strength of a high court and leaves it to the discretion of the president. Accordingly, the President determines the strength of a high court from time to time depending upon its workload.

4. Which of the following prepared green ratings on fertilizer sector? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar released the latest report of green ratings on fertilizer sector in New Delhi. The report has been prepared by Centre for Science and Environment and its Green rating project. The report is based on 42 parameters. The minister also gave away the Green Awards to the winners. • Indo Gulf Fertilizer, Jagdishpur won the best plant award

5. Current Director General of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is: (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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ITBP Director General (DG) S S Deswal has been given the additional charge of the counter-terror force NSG Note: NSG was established in 1984 to protect states against internal disturbances and terrorism. It is under administrative control of Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).

6. In which year Consumer Protection Act, was enacted? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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The Consumer Protection Bill 2019 that seeks to protect and enforce consumer rights was passed in Lok Sabha The Bill, among other things, proposes setting up of the Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission and forums at the district, State and national levels for adjudicating consumer complaints. It also seeks to set up a Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) to promote, protect and enforce consumer rights as a class. The CCPA would make interventions to prevent consumer detriment arising from unfair trade practices. The agency can also initiate class action, including enforcing recall, refund and return of products.

7. Who among the following has became the first pilot of IAF to do a wingsuit jump? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Wing commander Tarun Chaudhary became the first pilot of Indian Armed Forces (IAF ) to do a wingsuit jump. The jump was accomplished by Chaudhri from a Mi-17 helicopter from an altitude of 8500 feet.

8. Who among the following was the first woman legislator of British India? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Google Doodle on July 30 marked the 133rd birth anniversary of Dr Muthulakshmi Reddi, an educator, surgeon, reformer and India’s first woman lawmaker The Tamil Nadu government on July 29 announced 'Hospital Day' celebrations to be held every year on July 30, to mark Muthulakshmi’s birth anniversary.

9. Recently President of India is set to visit which of the following African countries? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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President Ram Nath Kovind arrived in Benin at Cardinal Bernadine de Cotonou International Airport in Cotonou, the largest city in the West African country. This visit is part of first leg of his 3 nations’ tour to West African region which includes Gambia and Guinea. This is first visit by either a head of state or head of government to three West African countries. Note: India and Benin signed an MOU on tele education program e-vidyabharati and Tele medicine initiative e-Arogyabharati. Under these programmes, India is extending free tele-education courses to 15,000 students and telemedicine courses to 1000 doctors and paramedics in Africa.

10. Recently which among the following ships was commissioned into the Indian Navy? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Indian Navy Ship LCU L-56, the sixth of the Landing Craft Utility (LCU) MK IV class ships, was commissioned into the Indian Navy LCU 56 is an amphibious ship with its primary role being transportation and deployment of main battle tanks, armoured vehicles, troops and equipment from ship to shore. The ship would be administered and based in Port Blair

11. In which of the following places Shawala Teja Singh Temple? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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A 1,000-year-old Hindu temple in Pakistan’s Sialkot city, which was sealed for the last 72 years, has been re-opened for people. Shawala Teja Singh Temple in Dhaarowal was built by Sardar Teja Singh and closed during the Partition. The Hindus of Sialkot stopped visiting the temple after a mob damaged it in 1992 while protesting the demolition of the Babri Masjid in India

12. Who among the following has been awarded with 'Indian Woman of Influence' award at the House of Lords? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Priya Priyadarshini Jain has been felicitated with the prestigious 'Indian Woman of Influence' award at the House of Lords, the United Kingdom Parliament, London.

13. As per 2011 census, how many numbers of Indians are migrants? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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When a person is enumerated in census at a different place than her/his place of birth, then she/he is considered a ‘migrant’. Over 45.58 crore Indians were found to be “migrants” according to the Census 2011.

14. POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) is a flagship programme of:? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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The POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD). It aims to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children (0-6 years), Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers It targets to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anemia and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively. Mission 25 by 2022 – Although it targets to reduce stunting by 2%, Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022.

15. With which of the following country Indian Air Force signs Rs 1500 crore deal for R-27 air-to-air missiles? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Indian Air Force (IAF) has signed a deal with Russia for buying R-27 air-to-air missiles worth over Rs 1500 crore. The missiles will be fitted on the Su-30MKI fighter planes. The missiles will further strengthen the air-to-air combat capability of the air force The R-27 missile is designed to destroy air targets in adverse weather conditions at any time of day. The missiles have been acquired under 10-I projects which mandate the three services to maintain critical weapon systems and spares for a specified minimum period, which is known as War Wastage Reserve (WWR). Note: After the Pulwama attack, the Central government had given emergency powers to the three services to buy whatever equipment is required by them for safeguarding the borders with Pakistan. Under the powers given, the security forces can buy the equipment of their choice within three months at the cost of up to Rs 300 crore per case.

16. Van Dhan Vikas Kendras is an initiative of:? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram is an initiative targeting livelihood generation for tribal population by harnessing the wealth of forest i.e. Van Dhan. The programme aims to tap into the traditional knowledge and skill sets of tribal people by adding technology and Information Technology for upgradation of output at each stage and to convert the tribal wisdom into a remunerative economic activity. Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram seeks to promote and leverage the collective strength of tribal people to achieve a viable scale Note: On April 14th, 2018 Prime Minister of India has announced the launching of Van Dhan Yojana in Bijapur, Chhattisgarh under which one Van Dhan Vikas Kendra was set up, as a pilot project, at a cost of Rs.25 lakhs of which 25% is to be met by the State Government. This Van Dhan Vikas Kendra is to cater to ten Self Help Groups of thirty tribal gathers each.

17. With which of the following NITI Aayog partnered to promote women entrepreneurs? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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NITI Aayog and Facebook-owned WhatsApp, under the aegis of its Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP), have announced a partnership to support the growth of a robust ecosystem to promote women entrepreneurs in India. WhatsApp will also partner with the Women Transforming India (WTI) Awards 2019, flagship initiative of NITI Aayog

18. Recently Who among the following breaks 16-year-old 400m hurdles record? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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American Athlete Dalilah Muhammad set new world record in the 400m hurdles women’s athletics at the U.S. Championships athletics. She colcked 52.20sec. The previous world record was set at 52.34 sec by Russia’s Yuliya Pechonkina in 2003

19. Who among the following won German Grand Prix? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Max Verstappen clinched German Grand Prix with Mercedes' Formula One leader Lewis Hamilton.

20. Who among the following has been elected as President of Badminton Asia? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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30th July National & International Current Affairs
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