25th July – National & International Current Affairs

1. Recently which state passed bill to provide 75% job reservation for local youths? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed the AP Employment of Local Candidates in Industries and Factories Bill, 2019, that mandates employment of at least 75 percent state candidates in the respective units. The 'local' reservation will extend to industries, factories, joint venture units and projects taken up under Public-Private Partnership initiatives. "The existing industries, factories, joint ventures and PPP projects shall also ensure 75 percent employment to local candidates within a period of three years from the date of commencement of the Act” In case qualified local candidates are not available, the industry concerned has to provide necessary training within three years in collaboration with the government Only those units that are listed in 1st schedule of Factories Act (mostly hazardous industries like petroleum, pharmaceuticals, coal, fertilisers and cement, among others) will be exempted from the new Act

2. What is the name of special software developed for Digitization of Archaeological Museum? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Centre for Development for Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune, has developed software named “Jatan” that is set to revolutionize museum experience. The objective was to make a digital imprint of all the objects preserved in museums. It will help researchers, curators and also people interested in the field. Note: There are 48 (forty-eight) Archaeological Site Museums under Archaeological Survey of India out of which two Archaeological Site Museums, namely - Velha Goa; and Nagarjunakonda, have been digitised during the first phase through JATAN: Virtual Museum software and the data has been up-loaded in public domain through National Portal and Digital Repository for Indian Museums.

3. Recently which of the following delivered a Chetak helicopter to the Indian Navy? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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State-run Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) delivered a Chetak helicopter to the Indian Navy, with the latest communication and navigation systems The Navy signed a contract with HAL in August 2017 for 8 Chetaks to be delivered by August 2020, with the first two by August 2019.

4. Which of the following has become the 1st species to be officially declared threatened due to deep-sea mining? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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A rare snail species called ‘Scaly-Foot Snail’ found at only three spots on Indian Ocean floor near Madagascar has become the 1st species to be officially declared threatened due to deep-sea mining. It was added by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) to its updated Red List of Endangered Species on 18 July 2019. Note: Scaly-foot snail (or Chrysomallon squamiferum) is otherwise known as Sea Pangolin

5. National Institute of Miners’ Health is located in:? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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The National Institute of Miners’ Health (NIMH), an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Mines (MoM), has been dissolved and merged with the ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH), Ahmedabad, under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoH&FW), with all assets and liabilities, as per a Cabinet decision announced

6. In which state the Union Environment Ministry has recently declared monkeys a Vermin for a year? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Union environment ministry has declared monkeys as ‘vermin’ in Himachal Pradesh, allowing local authorities to cull this animal in certain identified non-forest areas in Shimla for one year.

7. Ministerial meeting of Coordinating Bureau of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was held in:? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Ministerial meeting of Coordinating Bureau of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was held in Caracas, capital of Venezuela. • Theme for 2019 Meet was- Promotion and Consolidation of Peace through Respect for International Law NAM: The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War as an organization of States that did not seek to formally align themselves with either the United States or the Soviet Union, but sought to remain independent or neutral. The basic concept for the group originated in 1955 during discussions that took place at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference held in Indonesia. The first NAM Summit Conference took place in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in September 1961. It has 120 members as on April 2018 comprising 53 countries from Africa, 39 from Asia, 26 from Latin America and the Caribbean and 2 from Europe (Belarus, Azerbaijan). There are 17 countries and 10 international organizations that are Observers at NAM. 2019 NAM will be held in Baku, Azerbaijan Note: Since 2016 Venezuela has held the presidency of NAM which will now be passed on to Azerbaijan in October 2019.

8. Who among the following has been appointed as economic affairs secretary in the finance ministry? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Atanu Chakraborty was appointed economic affairs secretary in the finance ministry replacing incumbent Subhash Chandra Garg Chakraborty is currently leading the government's drive to mop up ₹1.05 trillion through skate sale as the secretary of the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) in the finance ministry

9. Which state tops in solar rooftop installations? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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In the area of solar rooftop installations, Gujarat has stood first in the country with total 261.97 megawatts (MW) of installed rooftop solar capacity. As per the Central government data, total rooftop solar installations in India is 1700.54 MW. Note: Government has set a target for installation of Rooftop Solar projects (RTS) of 40,000 MegaWatt (MW) by 2022 in the country including installation of RTS on rooftop of houses.

10. Students of which of the following institute developed ‘CARE4U’ APP? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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In a move to help geriatric care, students of IIT Kharagpur have built an app which will inform the caregiver when the elderly person falls down with the exact location. ‘CARE4U’ the android-based app will connect the caregiver to the elderly person.

11. Which company has becomes highest-ranked Indian company on Fortune Global 500 list? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL) becomes highest-ranked Indian company on Fortune Global 500 list. It has jumped 42 places and was ranked 106 this year It ranked first by replacing Indian Oil Corporation which was ranked 117

12. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the creation of how much buffer stock of sugar for one year from the 1st August? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, CCEA has approved the creation of buffer stock of 40 lakh Metric Tonnes of sugar for one year from the 1st August. CCEA also approved the determination of Fair and Remunerative Price of sugarcane payable by sugar mills for 2019-20 sugar season at 275 rupees per quintal for a basic recovery rate of 10 per cent. This will ensure the guaranteed price to cane growers. The Fair and Remunerative Price of sugarcane is determined under the Sugarcane (Control) Order, 1966. This will be uniformly applicable all over the country. The determination of fair price will be in the interest of the sugarcane growers keeping in view their entitlement to a fair and remunerative price for their produce.

13. Who among the following won Mr. South Asia title? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Indian bodybuilder Ravinder Kumar Malik has clinched Mr. South Asia title. He has crowned the overall champion at 12th South Asian Bodybuilding and Physique Sports Championship in Kathmandu. Malik, the winner of 80 kg category, was adjudged best bodybuilder among the winners of nine senior men's weight categories. Afghanistan won team championship by securing a top position with 535 points. Host Nepal finished second with 445 points, while India remained third with 380 points.

14. Who among the following has been appointed as Britain’s home secretary? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has appointed Indian origin Priti Patel as the country Home Secretary.

15. Which of the following released ‘Healthy States, Progressive India’ report? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Healthy States, Progressive India’ report is released by NITI Aayog. The report focuses on measuring and highlighting the overall performance and incremental improvement over a two-year period (2016-17 and 2017-18) in the states and the Union territories (UTs), which are categorised as larger states, smaller states and UTs, to ensure comparison among similar entities. Kerala took the top spot among larger states for overall performance on health indicators in a NITI Aayog report, followed by Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, while Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Odisha languish at the bottom. Haryana, Rajasthan and Jharkhand showed the maximum improvement of health outcomes from base to reference year in indicators such as neonatal mortality rate (NMR), under-five mortality rate (U5MR), proportion of low birth weight among newborns, proportion of community health centres and public health centres with quality accreditation certificates, full immunization coverage, institutional deliveries, and proportion of specialist positions vacant at district hospitals. Among the smaller states, Mizoram ranked first in overall performance, while Tripura and Manipur were the top two states in terms of incremental performance. Sikkim and Arunchal Pradesh had the biggest decrease in overall health index scores. Among the UTs, Chandigarh ranked first in overall performance, while Dadra and Nagar Haveli improved the most. About Health Index: The health index has been developed by NITI Aayog, with technical assistance from the World Bank, in consultation with the ministry of health and family welfare. The Health Index is a weighted composite Index based on 23 indicators grouped into the domains of Health Outcomes, Governance and Information, and Key Inputs/Processes. . Each domain has been assigned weights based on its importance and has been equally distributed among indicators.

16. Recently Boris Johnson has been elected as the prime minister of:? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Boris Johnson elected as the leader of Britain's governing Conservative Party. He is declared as country's next Prime Minister. Johnson will formally take over as Prime Minister. He succeeds Theresa May. She got stepped down over her failure to get parliament to ratify her Brexit deal. Johnson served as UK foreign minister and London's Mayor

17. How many rivers covered under National River Conservation Plan? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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Out of the total of Rs. 5,870 crore sanctioned under the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP), the Centre has released its share of Rs. 2,522 crore to states. NRCP has covered polluted stretches of 34 rivers in 77 towns spread over 16 states at a sanctioned cost of Rs. Rs. 5870.55 crore.

18. 13th edition of Global Healthcare Summit was held in:? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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19. Who among the following has been appointed as Joint Secretary to the President? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved the appointment of Ajay Bhadoo, IAS as Joint Secretary to the President for a tenure co-terminus with the President

20. 36th National Games will be held in:? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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21. Recently Acharya Devvrat appointed as the governor of:? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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22. Recently who among the following has been named to run the monetary policy portfolio by RBI? (Kalyansir OnlineIAS.com)

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The RBI assigned Deputy Governor BP Kanungo to run the monetary policy portfolio after the resignation of fellow Deputy Governor Viral Acharya. Kanungo, who will retain his currency management portfolio, would become the sixth member of the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC).

25th July - National & International Current Affairs
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