13th May National & International Current Affairs

1. Who among the following become the first woman to umpire a men’s one-day international?

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Claire Polosak from Australia created history by becoming the first female umpire to stand in a men's One-Day International (ODI). She has officiated the final of the World Cricket League Division 2, between Oman and Namibia, who both secured ODI status after finishing in the top two positions of the table.

2. International Labour Day (ILD) is celebrated every year on:

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The International Labour Day (ILD) is celebrated every year on 1st of May to honour the contribution of working men and women. The 2019 theme is - Sustainable Pension for all: The Role of Social Partners. In India, the first Labour day or May Day was celebrated in 1923 in Chennai.

3. Which of the following is the nodal ministry of National e-Vidhan Application (NeVA) Project?

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National e-Vidhan Application (NeVA) Project aims to bring all the legislatures of the country together, in one platform thereby creating a massive data depository without having the complexity of multiple applications. It is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) comes under the Digital India Programme. Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) is the ‘Nodal Ministry’ for its implementation in all the 31 States/UTs with Legislatures. The funding for e-Vidhan is provided by the MoPA and technical support by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MietY). The funding of NeVA is through Central Sponsored Scheme i.e. 60:40; and 90:10 for North East & hilly States and 100% for UTs. Himachal Pradesh is the first Digital Legislature of the country.

4. Which of the following parliaments has become the first in the world to declare climate emergency?

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The United Kingdom Parliament has become the first national legislative body in the world to pass national declaration (or motion) of an Environment and climate emergency. The move comes a week after 16-year-old Swedish student Greta Thunberg addressed UK lawmakers to demand more climate action, and in the wake of protests by climate action group Extinction Rebellion, who blocked major landmarks in London. It also calls for the government to work towards carbon neutrality before 2050 and for ministers to draft proposals within the next six months to restore the country's environment and create a "zero waste economy”.

5. India’s biggest stucco sculpture has recently unearthed in which of the following states?

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Archaeologists in Telangana have recently unearthed a rare life-sized stucco sculpture from a Buddhist site at Phanigiri in Suryapet. It is considered to be the biggest stucco sculpture found in the excavations in the country till date. The sculpture is about 1.73 metres in height and 35 cm in width. According to officials of department of heritage, the sculpture represents one of the Bodhisattvas belonging to the Jathaka Chakra. It is believed that a life size stucco Bodhisattva was created nearly 1,700 years ago by craftsmen at Phanigiri at the peak of Ikshavaku dynasty rule. Apart from the life-sized stucco, these excavations brought to light a Mahastupa, apsidal chaitya grihas, votive stupas, pillared congregation halls, viharas, platforms with staircases at various levels, sculptural panels with Brahmi inscriptions, belonging to Satavahana period from first century BC, continued with Mahayana till the end of Ikshuvaka period and others in 3rd - 4th century AD.

6. Which of the following country is not a member in BIMSTEC?

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The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is a regional organization comprising seven Member States lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity. This sub-regional organization came into being on 6 June 1997 through the Bangkok Declaration. The BIMSTEC member states—Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Nepal and Bhutan. In 2018, the 4th BIMSTEC Summit concluded in Kathmandu. 5th BIMSTEC Summit will be held in Colombo

7. Which of the following is a Hope Spot in India?

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Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep islands have recently been named as the new “hope spots” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and Mission Blue, an organization involved in the study of oceans. A hope spot is an area of an ocean that needs special protection because of its wildlife and significant underwater habitats. The two group of islands, considered extremely rich in marine biodiversity, are the first places in India to have been added in the list of global ‘hope spots’.

8. Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary is located in:

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With the number of tigers steadily on the rise at Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttarakhand, the authorities feel upgrading it to a tiger reserve is necessary for the conservation of tigers at the facility. Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary is situated close to the Nandhaur river in Kumaon region of the State.

9. Consider the following statements about National Biopharma Mission.

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The program named Innovate in India (I3) i.e. the National Biopharma Mission is an industry- academia collaborative mission of Department of Biotechnology (DBT) in collaboration with World Bank for accelerating discovery research to early development of Biopharmaceuticals and to be implemented by Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC). The aim of the mission is to enable and nurture an ecosystem for preparing India’s technological and product development capabilities in biopharmaceutical to a level that will be globally competitive over the next decade, and transform the health standards of India’s population through affordable product development. The program will specifically focus on the development of new vaccines, bio-therapeutics, diagnostics and medical devices to address the rising burden of diseases in the country.

10. Which of the following releases Climate Change Performance Index ?

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The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an annual publication by Germanwatch, New Climate Institute and Climate Action Network Europe. The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an instrument covering 58 countries and supposed to enhance transparency in international climate politics. Its aim is to encourage political and social pressure on those countries which have, up to now, failed to take ambitious actions on climate protection as well as to highlight countries with best-practice climate policies. India ranks 11th in this year’s CCPI, improving its standing by three places compared to the previous edition. Most notably India improved its performance in the Renewable Energy category, joining the group of medium performers.

11. Which of the following is India’s second city in India after Ahmedabad to be inscribed on the World Heritage List?

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India has been successful in securing the inscription of the “Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai” on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. This makes Mumbai city the second city in India after Ahmedabad to be inscribed on the World Heritage List. India stands second largest in number after China in terms of number of World Heritage properties in ASPAC (Asia and Pacific) region.

12. The World Bank uses which of the following indicators to compute Human Capital Index (HCI)?

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The World Bank released Human Capital Index (HCI) as part of the World Development Report 2019. The HCI has been constructed for 157 countries. It claims to seek to measure the amount of human capital that a child born today can expect to attain by age 18. The HCI index values are contended to convey the productivity of the next generation of workers, compared to a benchmark of complete standard education and full health. The HCI has three components: (i) Survival, as measured by under-5 mortality rates; (ii) Expected years of Quality-Adjusted School which combines information on the quantity and quality of education (quality is measured by harmonizing test scores from major international student achievement testing programs and quantity from number of years of school that a child can expect to obtain by age 18 given the prevailing pattern of enrolment rates across grades in respective countries); and (iii) Health environment using two proxies of (a) adult survival rates and (b) the rate of stunting for children under age 5. UNDP constructs Human Development Index (HDI) for several years. The HCI uses survival rates and stunting rate instead of life expectancy as measure of health, and quality-adjusted learning instead of merely years of schooling as measure of education. HCI also excludes per capita income whereas the HDI uses it. Two significant changes from HDI are exclusion of income component and introduction of quality adjustment in learning. Exclusion of income element and introduction of quality adjustment makes HCI far less representative of Human Capital Development than the Index claims it to be.

13th May National & International Current Affairs
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