10th July National & International Current Affairs

1. Which state became first state to implement Centre’s Witness Protection Scheme 2018?

Correct! Wrong!

The Odisha state government implemented the Centre’s Witness Protection Scheme 2018. By this Odisha became the first State to implement the Scheme. In 2018, Supreme Court has directed all States and Union Territories to endorse the Central scheme on Witness Protection Scheme-2018. It said that the Witness Protection Scheme, 2018 shall be the 'law' under Article 141 and 142 of the Constitution, till the enactment of suitable parliamentary or state legislations on the subject. Note: Under the scheme, the state govt. included three categories of witnesses as per threat perception. 1. Category A: This category consists of those cases where threat extends to the life of witness or family members during an investigation, trial or thereafter. 2. Category B: Cases where the threat extends to safety, reputation or property of the witness or family members during the investigation or trial. 3. Category C: Cases where the threat is moderate and extends to harassment or intimidation of the witness or family members, reputation or property during investigation, trial or thereafter. Article-141: Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts Article-142: Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court. The concept of Curative petition was evolved by the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Rupa Ashok Hurra vs. Ashok Hurra and Anr (2002) under Article-142 where the question was whether an aggrieved person is entitled to any relief against the final judgement/order of the Supreme Court, after dismissal of a review petition.

2. Amrabad Tiger reserve is located in:

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Recently an expert panel on forests of the Environment Ministry has accorded in-principle approval for survey and exploration of uranium in Telangana’s Amrabad Tiger Reserve and Udimalla in Mahaboobnagar

3. With the help of which country upgradation of AN-32 aircraft took place?

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In 2009, India finalized a major upgrade and life extension plan for the entire fleet of 105 An-32 aircraft acquired from Soviet Union under a $400 million deal which would extend their life to 40 years. So far, 46 aircraft have been upgraded, of which 40 were done in Ukraine. The rest were to be carried out in India by IAF’s base repair depot in Kanpur. But the programme came to a halt after bitter relations between Moscow and Kiev following the Russian annexation of the Crimean peninsula

4. The government is planning to bring how many codes that would subsume 44 labour laws?

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Union Cabinet approved the Code on Wages Bill, which seeks to subsume existing laws related to workers’ remuneration and enables the Centre to fix minimum wages for the entire country. Under the Code on Wages Bill, four labour laws will be combined. The four laws are: 1) Payment of Wages Act, 1936 2) Minimum Wages Act, 1948 3) Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 4) Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 Note: The Code on Wages is one of the four codes that would subsume 44 labour laws with certain amendments to improve the ease of doing business and attract investment for spurring growth. The four codes will deal with wages, social security, industrial safety and welfare, and industrial relations.

5. Who among the following has been appointed as the new Director General (DG) in Directorate General of Civil Aviation?

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Appointments Committee of Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved appointment of Arun Kumar as the new Director General (DG) in Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) in rank and pay of Additional Secretary. He will succeed B S Bhullar

6. In which year Custom Tariff Act was enacted?

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Parliament has adopted a statutory resolution for levying 200 per cent duty on all goods originating in or exported from Pakistan. The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha approved the amendment in the first schedule of the Custom Tariff Act -1975 in this regard. Besides, the statutory resolution the Rajya Sabha adopted the move to increase basic custom duty (BCD) on lentils, boric acid and diagnostic and laboratory reagents. • Custom duty on lentils has been increased from 40% to 50%, on diagnostic items from 20% to 30% and on boric acid it has been increased from 17.5 to 27.5%.

7. Hezbollah is a Shi'a Islamist political party and militant group based in:

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Hezbollah is a Shi'a Islamist political party and militant group based in Lebanon Recently US Treasury placed two Hezbollah members of Lebanon's parliament on its sanctions blacklist .

8. Which of the following developed LightSail project?

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LightSail is a multi-year project to demonstrate controlled solar sailing within low Earth orbit using a CubeSat developed by The Planetary Society, a global non-profit organization devoted to space exploration. By 2019, The Planetary Society had developed two LightSail CubeSats—LightSail 1 and LightSail 2—as follow-on of a larger light sail—Cosmos 1—that they had designed in the early 2000s and launched in 2005. In 2015, the first CubeSat spacecraft, LightSail 1 (formerly called LightSail-A), was launched, and deployed its solar sail LightSail 2 launched as a secondary payload on the Space Test Program (STP-2) on a Falcon Heavy rocket in June 2019. Note: The Planetary Society said that its crowd funded spacecraft LightSail 2 sent its first signals to Earth on July 2. LightSail 2's design is powered by photons from the sun. If successful, it will be the first controlled light sail ever to enter and maintain Earth orbit.

9. Which of the following adopted strategy called ‘Plan Bee’ to keep wild elephants away from train tracks?

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A unique strategy adopted by Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) called ‘Plan Bee’ to keep wild elephants away from train tracks has won the ‘Best Innovation Award’ in Indian Railways for the 2018-19 fiscal.

10. Which of the following developed Deep Space Atomic Clock?

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NASA has launched an incredible new atomic clock (Deep space atomic clock) into orbit on a SpaceX Falcon Heavy. It was developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The mission aims to revolutionize how mankind explores the cosmos. The new Deep Space Atomic Clock will be used to navigate distant planets like Mars. A huge improvement would be made in the spacecraft navigation. It is a space-ready upgrade to the atomic clocks which is used on Earth and to the clocks that already fly on satellites like those that provide GPS. The Deep Space Atomic Clock to allow spacecraft travelling in deep space to navigate more autonomously, with less reliance on communication with Earth.

11. The second India-Russia Strategic Economic Dialogue will be held in:

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The second India-Russia Strategic Economic Dialogue will be held in New Delhi. It will be held under the chairmanship of NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar and Deputy Minister of the Economic Development of Russia, Timur Maksimov.

12. Maung Daw is sometimes seen in news. It is located in which country?

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India handed over 250 pre-fabricated houses to Myanmar in Maung Daw for use of displaced returnees.

13. In which year Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act was enacted?

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The Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, 1951 was enacted for the erection and management of a national memorial for those who lost their lives or were injured in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of April 13, 1919. The Act provides for a trust and entails rules for the composition of the trust, including nominating trustees and their tenure. Recently the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (amendment) Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha. It seeks to remove the Congress president as a permanent member in a trust that runs the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial trust. The members are- PM as the chairperson, President of INC, Culture Minister, Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha, Punjab governor & CM.

14. Which of the following released medium term strategy known as Utkarsh 2022?

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The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) board finalized a three- year roadmap to improve regulation and supervision, among other functions of the central bank. This medium term strategy — named Utkarsh 2022 — is in line with the global central banks’ plan to strengthen the regulatory and supervisory mechanism

15. Which of the following will be the first train to be operated by private players?

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The Delhi-Lucknow Tejas Express is set to be the first train to be operated by private players, as a part of the 100 day agenda of Indian railways to hand over the operation of two trains to private sector on a trial basis.

16. India's first elephant rehabilitation centre will come up in:

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The Kerala government is working to set up the country’s first elephant rehabilitation centre in Kottoor, an ecotourism village near the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. It is being planned on the lines of the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage in Sri Lanka.

10th July National & International Current Affairs
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